Fast facts about Anzac Day
- Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the Gallipoli Peninsula landings on 25-April-1915
- Around 18,000 New Zealand soldiers died because of World War One
- 11,928 New Zealanders died in action in World War Two
- April 25 was officially named Anzac Day in 1916
- Services are held at dawn because during the world wars it was the best time to attack
- The poppy used as a remembrance symbol comes fromCanadian John McCraes World War Onepoem “In Flanders Fields”.
The Gallipoli Campaign
Anzac Day marks the anniversary of theGallipoli Peninsula landings on 25-April-1915.Thousands of men arrived on the beaches of what is now Turkey. For eight months, New Zealand troops fought with Australian, British, Irish, French, Indian and Canadiansoldiers (Allied Forces)against the Ottoman Empire who werepart of the Central Powers. By the end of the campaign on 20-December-1915 more than 87,000 Ottoman soldiers and 44,000 Allied soldiersdied, including 2779 New Zealanders.An exhibition at the Te Papa Museum in Wellington is a great place to learn more about Gallipoli.
The Anzac Day Ceremony
The traditionalAnzac Day events follow the same ritual every year with two ceremonies, one at dawn and another later in the morning called the Anzac Parade. Today, you may just see one of the two ceremonies in some communities.Even if you don’t get the chance to attend an event, you can still watch live broadcasts on New Zealand TV.
This typically begins with a march from the military personnel to the local war memorial before dawn. The rest of the community joins. Although the public can attend the ceremony, this dawn service tends to be more intimate. From this point, the ceremony has a prayer, hymns and a dedication speech.The ‘Last Post’, played with a trumpet, is then played followed by a minute’s silence. This 1-minute silence is to reflect and remember the fallen soldiers. When the minute is up, there will be a quick address, another hymn and conclude with the national anthem, “God Defend New Zealand”.
The Anzac Parade
Later that morning, the Anzac Parade tends to be attended more by the public. The ceremony begins much like the dawn service with the marching to the war memorial with banners and flags.The public lay down wreaths and poppies. Apublic commemoration begins, usually with a few speeches.One of the biggest ceremonies occurs at the Auckland War Memorial Museum in the Auckland Domain.
Anzac Day public holiday
April 25marks a day off for a lot of workers in New Zealand.If it falls on a weekday and you usually work on a weekday, then you will get that day off work. If Anzac Day falls on a weekend, then weekday workers will get the following Monday off work.Read more about the different public holidays in Public Holidays in New Zealand.