New Zealand’s Weird and Wonderful Wildlife
New Zealand was an island free of land mammals before us pesky humans arrived. In turn, this means a few unusual species of animals and birds evolved that that are well worth looking out for while backpacking in New Zealand. That’s why we’ve put this quick list together of some of the animals and birds unique to New Zealand.
From the alpine parrots to “living dinosaurs”, there are quite a few surprises to be found on land. Not forgetting the marine life living it up in New Zealand’s waters like the world’s smallest dolphins or super cute fur seals.
Can’t get enough of those animals? Wildlife encounters are one of the most rewarding and intriguing New Zealand travel experiences, which you can learn more about in Wildlife Encounter in New Zealand: A Quick Guide to New Zealand Wildlife.
1. Kiwi Bird
The kiwi bird is the nation’s sweetheart. However, you won’t just find them wandering the streets and stealing your fries. These elusive nocturnal birds mostly live in forested areas. Check out how to spot these iconic birds in Where to See Kiwi Birds in New Zealand.
2. Lesser Short-tailed Bat
Bats, or pekapeka, are particularly special in New Zealand as they are the only native land mammal of New Zealand. However, this species unique to New Zealand is endangered and can only be found in a few sites across New Zealand.
3. Hector’s Dolphin
Hector’s dolphins are the world’s smallest dolphin species. They are named after Sir James Hector, who first examined a dolphin specimen. You can mostly spot them riding the waves in the South Island. More famously, there are many pods in the Akaroa Harbour near Christchurch. Find out more on where to see dolphins at the 5 Best Places to Swim with Dolphins in New Zealand.
Kea are the only alpine parrot in the world and are most commonly found in the Arthur’s Pass National Park and on the road to Milford Sound in the Fiordland National Park. However, there’s always the possibility of seeing them in most alpine environments in the South Island. Warning: these cheeky parrots like dismantling cars.
5. Hamilton’s Frog
Unfortunately, Hamilton’s frogs are critically endangered with only around 300 specimens remaining on Stephens Island, an island on the Cook Strait. They are closely managed by the Department of Conservation. A fun fact: Hamilton’s frogs do not croak.
6. Yellow-eyed Penguins
Yellow-eyed penguins are found around the south-east of New Zealand, Banks Peninsula and Stewart Island. They are one of six different species of penguins found in New Zealand and it’s surrounding islands. For more information, check out the 8 Best Places to See Penguins in New Zealand.
7. Chevron Skink
These lizards are only found on the Great Barrier Island and Little Barrier Island. These secretive lizards are New Zealand’s longest lizards and have only had around 500 recorded sightings.
8. Little Blue Penguins
Little blue penguins are not completely unique to New Zealand, but New Zealand sure has the most amount waddling on the coastlines and off-shore islands. Check out places to spot little blue penguins here.
9. New Zealand Fur Seal
Once hunted for their meat, New Zealand fur seals are now a protected species in New Zealand. They are abundant on the South Island coastlines, particularly around Kaikoura, the Catlins and Fiordland National Park. However, they are even known to visit as far north as the Bay of Islands in winter. Although fur seals tend to stick to the coast, they have been known to wander into people’s backyards. Find out where to see them in the 10 Best Places to See Seals in New Zealand.
Tuataras are the only surviving reptile species from the dinosaur era, which gives them the nickname “the living dinosaur”. Another fun fact about the tuatara, they have a third eye on the top of their heads. Many conservation centres around New Zealand house tuatara.
11. Maui Dolphin
This is just a subspecies of Hector’s Dolphin. However, they are extremely endangered. Check out Find the Rare Maui’s Dolphin to see how you can help the conservation effort. And honestly, who doesn’t want more pictures of dolphins?
A common bird species in New Zealand, the tui is only found in New Zealand. You’re likely to hear it before you see it with its unusual robotic calls. The plumage is mostly black with streaks of blue and two white feathers under its neck. You will find tui in most native forested areas in New Zealand.
With similar melodic calls like the tui, the bellbird often gets mistaken for the tui. These smaller species of bird unique to New Zealand have a green tinge to their feathers and are again, found in most native forested areas in New Zealand.
14. Wood Pigeon
The New Zealand wood pigeon, or kereru, is a native pigeon to New Zealand. They are larger than your average street pigeon with magnificent green plumage. However, they are clumsy fliers so can easily be heard landing on branches in the forest canopy. Keep an eye out for them in any native forest around New Zealand.
The morepork, or ruru, is New Zealand’s only remaining native owl. The owl species is also found in Tasmania. You can often hear morepork calling in forested areas at night.
16. New Zealand Falcon
A bird of prey species only found in New Zealand, New Zealand falcon are not too common but can be seen at bird of prey sanctuaries.
17. The Hooker’s Sea Lion
18. The New Zealand Fantail
The New Zealand fantail or piwakawaka is one of New Zealand’s best-known birds. They seem to thrive just about anywhere and are known to fly right up to people.
This small land bird species is endemic to New Zealand. They are smaller than the robin species in New Zealand with black and white/yellowish feathers on the male and grey and white feathers on the female.
20. New Zealand Robin
Although they are three slightly different species, the North Island, South Island and Stewart Island robins are very similar in appearance. They are not scared to come right up to people and check the ground after you have been walking.
21. Hihi / Stitchbird
One of the rarest birds in New Zealand, the hihi (or stitchbird) now extinct from mainland New Zealand. They are only naturally found on Little Barrier Island off the coast of Auckland but have been successfully reintroduced to some of the North Island’s off-shore islands. A fun fact about the hihi is that it’s the only bird in the world known to sometimes mate face to face!